In 2016, regional GDP per capita, expressed in terms of purchasing power standards, ranged from 29% of the European Union (EU) average in the Bulgarian region of Severozapaden, to 611% of the average in Inner London – West in the United Kingdom.
As the graph below shows, there is a considerable variation both in the EU and within the Member States.
The leading regions in the ranking of regional GDP per capita in 2016, after Inner London – West in the United Kingdom (611% of the average), were the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (257%), Southern & Eastern in Ireland (217%), Bruxelles/Brussel in Belgium and Hamburg in Germany (both at 200%).
There were 19 regions with GDP per capita 50% or more above the EU average in 2016:
- five were in Germany,
- three in the United Kingdom,
- two in Austria,
- one each in Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Ireland, France, the Netherlands, Slovakia and Sweden, as well as the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
After Severozapaden in Bulgaria (29% of the average), the lowest regions in the ranking were Mayotte in France (33%), Severen tsentralen and Yuzhen tsentralen in Bulgaria (both 34%) and Nord-Est in Romania (36%). Among the 21 regions with GDP per capita below 50% of the EU average, five were in Bulgaria and Poland, four in Hungary, three in Romania and Greece and one in France.
Source: Eurostat, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat